Medical Effects of Cannabis

Active Ingredients: (Cannabinoids)
There are approximately 60 identified cannabinoids and each of an infinite number of strains of cannabis has its own cannabinoid profile. The active cannabinoids each have unique physiological effects and many combinations actually appear to have synergistic and antagonistic effects.

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
Euphoric, stimulant, muscle relaxant, anti-epileptic, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, appetite stimulating, bronchio-dilating, hypotensive, anti-depressant and analgesic effects.

Cannabidiol (CBD)
A major constituent of medical cannabis. CBD represents up to 40% of extracts of the medical cannabis plant. Cannabidiol relieves convulsion, inflammation, anxiety, nausea, and inhibits cancer cell growth. Recent studies have shown cannabidiol to be as effective as atypical antipsychotics in treating schizophrenia. In November 2007 it was reported that CBD reduces growth of aggressive human breast cancer cells in vitro and reduces their invasiveness. It thus represents the first non-toxic exogenous agent that can lead to down-regulation of tumor aggressiveness. It is also a neuroprotective antioxidant. Also lessens the psychoactive effects of THC and has sedative and analgesic effects.

INDICA VS. SATIVA

There are two species of Cannabis most commonly used for medicinal purposes; Indica and Sativa. While both contain what we know as the primary active cannabinoids, THC and CBD, users report distinct effects between the two species.

Cannabis Indica is known known to be more sedative and relaxing. Known for it’s “body high”. Users report relief from conditions such as

  • Chronic Pain
  • Anxiety and Stress
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Seizures
  • Migraines
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Reduced Inflammation
  • Nausea

With it’s more sedative nature, many patients prefer to use Indicas at night. The effects can leave you feeling tired or relaxed.

Cannabis Sativa is known to be more uplifting and stimulating with increased focus and creativity. While known more for it’s mental effects, users often report relief from conditions such as

  • Chronic Pain
  • Appetite Loss
  • Depression
  • Lack of Energy
  • Nausea
  • Migraines
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Seizures

The more stimulating nature of Sativas make them an excellent daytime medication.

Today, due to selective cross breeding, most varieties contain varying levels of pure Indica or Sativa in their genes. There is no right or wrong strain and the effects can vary between strains and even individuals. A professional can offer guidance based on experience treating others, but the results and effects can vary from patient to patient. Because of this, no one will better know what works for you – than you.